- Jonathan Joffe
Myopia: Risk of severe eye disease on the rise.
Updated: Jan 14, 2020
Myopia or short-sightedness in children and adolescents on the rise.
When it comes to the spread of myopia some studies already speak of an epidemic.
The well-known Brien Holden Vision Institute has forecast that by the year 2050 one out of two individuals could be affected by myopia. That is alarming, and it makes it more than clear that early detection and control of myopia are becoming more and more important. For there is no other way to effectively reduce the risks of myopia in children and adolescents.
Numbers speak a clear language. A comparison illustrates the rapidity of this development: In the year 2000 22.9% of the global population were affected by myopia and 2.7% had high myopia beyond -5 diopters.
According to Brien Holden's forecast, by 2050, 50% of the world's population could be myopic and at least 10% could be suffering from high myopia. The development is also dramatic within Europe. According to data recently presented by the European Eye Epidemiology Consortium, more than 47% Europeans between 25 and 29 years of age are myopic
Those affected also have a greater risk of developing severe eye disease such as cataract or retinal detachment and eventual blindness. This development is all the more alarming as more and more of its victims are young .